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Friday, 26 July 2013

Sugar apple (Annona squamosa)

Sugar apple (Annona squamosa), is a plant belonging to the genus Annona and shrub. This tree comes
from tropical areas of America and now widely grown in Colombia, El Salvador, India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and the Philippines.

Sugar-apple fruit is round with a lot of cutting edge skin (like soursop). The flesh is white.

Including semi-green perennial shrubs or deciduous tree reaching 8 m in height,  intermittent leaves, simple, javelin longitudinal, 7-12 cm in length, and width of 3-4 cm. The flowers appear in bunches of 3-4, each flower 2-3 cm wide, with six petals, yellow-green spotted purple at the base.

The fruit is usually round or cone-like evergreen, 6-10 cm diameter, with skin bumps and flaky, white flesh.

Plant characteristic:
This plant grow better in hot climate, grows well in a variety of waterlogged soil conditions and adapt well to the humid and hot climate,  and will thrive with adequate irrigation. Propagation can be by seed and transplants.  Planted at a spacing of 4x3 meters, luxuriance of fruit growth and yield can be maintained with the irrigation, fertilization, and pruning well. Plants begin to bear fruit at the age of 1-2 years.

Sugar apple tree effeminate androgynous, tall 2-7, m. Simpodial branching stems, fall edge, light brown bark. Single leaf, alternate, elliptical shape elongated strands to form oblong, blunt tip, tapering to short, long 6-17 cm, a width of 2.5 - 7, 5 cm, flat edge, hairless, shiny green, single flower, in a file, 1-2 opposite or beside the leaves.  Leaves triangular petals, buds time continued as valves, small. Leaf crown triangular, the outer fleshy thick, length of 2 to 2.5 cm, yellowish white, with a hollow base that turns purple, basic flower shaped like a monument, numerous stamens, white, anthers hat shape, connecting space widened cider, cider and closed space. Pistils many, each composed of one leaf buds of fruit, dark purple, the anthers sit, limping into a single, easy to fall off.

Flowering period occurred throughout the year from January to December, grown in the lowlands to an altitude of 1000 m above sea level, especially in the sand to sandy loam soil and good drainage system at a pH of 5.5 - 7, 4.

Fruit:
There are two types of sugar apple sugar apple is green and red, both outside the rough-skinned waxy.
Sugar-apple fruit flesh is white-gray. Has a lot of seeds, almost oval-shaped with a pointed bottom. Have a distinctive smell, but not overpowering. Sugar-apple fruit juicy, soft, very sweet without the sour taste and distinctive scented.

Sugar apple certainly can be enjoyed immediately after you open the outer skin, made into juice,  also used primarily as part of specific cooking especially for baking.

Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz):
Energy 393 kJ (94 kcal), Carbohydrates 23.64 g, Fat 0.29 g, Protein 2.06 g, Thiamine (vit. B1) 0.11 mg (10%), Riboflavin (vit. B2) 0.113 mg (9%), Niacin (vit. B3) 0.883 mg (6%), Pantothenic acid (B5) 0.226 mg (5%), Vitamin B6 0.2 mg (15%), Folate (vit. B9) 14 ?g (4%), Vitamin C 36.3 mg (44%), Calcium 24 mg (2%), Iron 0.6 mg (5%), Magnesium 21 mg (6%), Manganese 0.42 mg (20%), Phosphorus 32 mg (5%), Potassium 247 mg (5%), Sodium 9 mg (1%),Zinc 0.1 mg (1%)
=Source: USDA Database entry=

Economic potential:
The fruit is delicious, sweet, but still has not been cultivated in bulk, so it has not been quite popular in the world. However, this fruit has a good nutrient content, especially the content of vitamin C.

Despite coming and now grows in areas of South America, this fruit is also apparently popular in Southeast Asian countries is also Taiwan's tropical climate. People in the region are already familiar with this fruit, but the data on the number of production is still hard to come by.

It may be that this fruit will be the future of your agribusiness. Who knows?

Scientific classification:
  • Kingdom   : Plantae
  • (unranked): Angiosperms
  • (unranked): Magnoliids
  • Order       : Magnoliales
  • Family      : Annonaceae
  • Genus       : Annona
  • Species   : A. squamosa