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Wednesday, 17 July 2013

Papaya (Carica Papaya)

Papayas (Carica Papaya) are part of tropical fruits, the regions of the world in roomates they are grown. Botanists commonly agreed that this fruit is a Central America origin, particularly Mexico. In Mexico, the cultivation of papaya believed to be first performed.

Papaya then spread and become famous globally and now cultivated in many tropical regions, both Central America and Asia. 

Papaya has skin generally green to dark green fruit when young, and then turns yellow to blush at the old and mature. Content of the fruit is usually dark orange to red, has a high water content, soft ripe fruit and sweet.

Health Benefits
Papayas offer not only great taste but are rich also of antioxidant nutrient such as carotenes, vitamin C, Vitamins B, Vitamin E, pro-Vitamin A – caroteinoid phytonutrients, potassium, magnesium and fiber. All those are nutrients that need by our cardiovascular system also believed as colon cancer protector. Papaya also contain the digestive enzyme, papain, a similar enzyme found in pineapple.


Varieties:

Kapoho Solo or Puna Solo popular on Kauai, Hawai,  Pear-shaped, large fruit reaches only 400-800g, grown in tropical areas with high rainfall, yellow rind and pale orange flesh.

Waimanolo, a papaya varieties cultivated in Hawaii. This variety is larger, more durable and quality, cultivated in areas with low rainfall levels.

Higgins was introduced to Hawaiian, a high quality of papaya, pear-shaped, with orange-yellow skin, deep-yellow flesh, and averages 0.45 kg.  Grow better in and territory or seasons of high rainfall, in low rainfall area need a god irrigation.

Hortus Gold, a variety of South African origin. One of the most delicious papaya fruit, mature faster, round oval, golden yellow colored, may reach 1 to 1.4 kg weight. Papaya is generally valuable almost twice that of other varieties.

Bettina and Petersen, is the variety that comes from Queensland, Australia, the growth period is short, oval fruit shape, generally weighs 1.5 to 2.25 kg.

Other varieties :

Mexico-America; Verde,Gialla,Cera,Chincona.
USA-Florida; Cariflora,Betty,Homestead.
Venezuela; Paraguanera, Roha.
Barbados; Wakefield, Graeme 5&7.
Cuba; Maradol.
Trinidad; Santa Cruz Giant, Cedro.
Dominian Republic; Cartagena.
India-Asia; Coorg Honey Dew, Coimbitor 2.
Indonesia; Semangka, Dampit.
Malaysia; Eksotika, Sekaki.
Thailand; Sai-naumpueng, Khaek Dam.
Philippines; Cevita/Sinta.
Taiwan; Tainung.
South Africa; Hortus Gold, Kaapmuiden, Honey Gold.

Terms of grows:

Plants can be grown in lowland and high 700 - 1000 meters above sea level, rainfall 1000 - 2000 mm / year, optimum temperature 22-26 C and humidity around 40% and the wind is not too tight is very good for pollination. Soil fertile, friable, contains a lot of humus and should hold water, the ideal soil pH is neutral with a pH of 6 -7.

Scientific classification:

Domain      : Eukaryota
Kingdom    : Viridiplantae
Phylum       : Spermatophyta
Subphylum : Angiospermae
Class          : Dicotyledonae
Order         : Violales
Family        : Caricaceae
Genus         : Carica
Species       : Carica Papaya