Follow my blog with Bloglovin Worldwide Fruits List: Jengkol, Jering or Dogfruit (Archidendron pauciflorum)

Monday, 29 July 2013

Jengkol, Jering or Dogfruit (Archidendron pauciflorum)

Jering or Jengkol or Dogfruit (Archidendron pauciflorum, synonyms: A. jiringa, Pithecellobium jiringa, and P. lobatum) is a typical plant in the Southeast Asian region. Seeds are popular in Malaysia, Thailand, and Indonesia as a food ingredient. Jengkol including the tribe of legumes (Fabaceae). The fruit is a pod, flattened shape convoluted form a spiral, dark violet color. Epidermis thin-skinned fruit seeds with shiny brown color. Jengkol can cause odor in urine after consumed. 

Jengkol known to prevent diabetes and is a diuretic and good for heart health. Jengkol plants also have the ability to absorb high groundwater, making it useful in water conservation.

One thing that "strange" is that although Jengkol when consumed will cause performance problems: bad breath, the smell of urine and body odor, but Jengkol in Indonesia and Malaysia including one of the very popular fruit and has a high economic value.

Characteristics of the tree:
Jengkol tree (Jering) can reach 10-26 meters, classified hardwood, and wood-skinned gray-brown. Jengkol is a typical plant of Southeast Asia, upright, rounded woody, and sleek.

This tropical plant has a fruit which is actually a seed, or the pods of the actual fruit. Each pod contained approximately 5-7 pieces. Jengkol trees can be grown from seed or by grafting. Jengkol plants grown by seeds or seedlings will begin to bear fruit when it is five years old or more. If Jengkol tree growing through the graft, the fruiting period will be much shorter. The leaves are green, elongated oval-shaped with a slightly pointed tip, lighter-colored veins. Has a taproot, and able to withstand large amounts of ground water.

One other characteristic of this tree is the tops of the leaves in the form of young leaves have a purple red color. The leaf color will turn greenish when old.  Generally grows wild, leafy tree, so that it fits into the tree shade.

The Fruit:
Jengkol including the tribe of legumes (Fabaceae), the form of  fruit is a pod and flat, twist and spiral-shaped, the outer skin is black, thick and hard enough, when young the color of the epidermis is pale yellow near to ivory and turn brown when old.  Meat that actually is a fruit seed, bright yellow like the color of ivory. Jengkol fruit is usually eaten raw when young, or consumed a variety of dishes for the old . The more old fruit, the more pungent smell. Flesh (seeds) will be hardened when old, so it requires special handling before consumption.

Behind the odor problem, this fruit is contained useful benefits for health.  According to various studies  noted that Jengkol also rich in carbohydrates, protein, vitamin A, vitamin C, phosphorus, calcium, alkaloids, essential oils, steroids, glycosides, tannins, and saponins.

Nutritional composition per 100 grams:
Substance Nutrition Levels : Energy (kcal) 133, Protein (g) 23.3, Carbohydrates (g) 20.7, Vitamin A (SI) 240, Vitamin B (mg) 0.7, Vitamin C (mg) 80, Phosphorus (mg) 166.7, Calcium (mg) 140, Iron (mg) 4.7, Water (g) 49.5.

However, noted also that Jengkol contains a substance named Jengkolat Acid  that can cause problems on the human urine network when over consumed. 

Economic potential:
Jengkol currently not yet a favorite food for the people of the world, only a few people outside the Southeast  Asia region who've try to taste this fruit. B ut today Jengkol prices continue to soar, especially in Indonesia in line with market demand and a decline in land cultivation.

More than 50% of Indonesia's population which has a total population of over 240 million people are a fan of this very pungent smelling fruit type,  a wide variety of foods can be made from this fruit. Either as a primary or supplemental material.  But not only Indonesia, jengkol fans also come from other Southeast Asian countries. 

As a side note, this is the number come from  the Central Statistics Bureau Indonesia on Jengkol production and land area for the past several years: 6,943 Ha (2010), 7,907 Ha (2011), and 7,163 Ha (2012). Sedangakn for production quantities jengkol reached 80 008 tons in 2008 and then decreased again to 62 475 tons (2009), 50 235 tons (2010), 65 830 tons (2011), and 61 537 tons (2012).

As of this writing, the problem of rising commodity prices is being highlighted because of extraordinary price rising. So what do you think? An economic potential?

Scientific classification:

  • Kingdom: Plantae (Plants)
  •       Subkingdom: Tracheobionta (Vascular Plants)
  •           Super Division: Spermatophyta (Produces seeds)
  •               Division: Magnoliophyta (flowering plants)
  •                   Class: Magnoliopsida (dashed two / dicots)
  •                       Sub Class: Rosidae
  •                           Order: Fabales
  •                               Family: Mimosaceae
  •                                   Genus: Archidendron
  •                                       Species: Archidendron pauciflorum