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Wednesday, 19 December 2012

The Rambuatan

Rambuatan (Nephelium lappaceum), according to popular belief and the origin of its name, rambutan is native to Indonesia and Malaysia, the name rambutan is derived from the Indonesian/Malay word rambutan, meaning "hairy", rambut the word for "hair" in both languages, a reference to the numerous hairy protuberances of the fruit. But rambutan also can be found in elsewhere in Southeast Asia region like Thailand, Myanmar, Vietnam and also in South Asia like India and Sri Lanka.

Rambutan fruit have the outer shell shaped to resemble hair. Generally  color of fruits are green when young, changed to yellow when the fruit is old, and then turn to red when the fruit is ripe. But in malaysia there are varieties of rambutan skin still yellow when ripe.

Scientific classification:
  • Regnum              : Plantae
  • Division              : Magnoliophyta
  • Class                   : Magnoliopsida
  • Order                  : Sapindales
  • Family                : Sapindaceae
  • Genus                 : Nephelium
  • Species               : Nephelium lappaceum

Nutrition per 100 mg

The harvest season:
Rambutan is a seasonal fruit, Rambutan generally flowering at the end of the dry season and the rainy season fruit shape, around November to February. In Indonesia as one of the places of origin, have different varieties of Rambutan. At the time of the harvest season, Rambutan fruit can be found in all places. Rambutan is a garden plant and in some locations has been cultivated as an industrial crop. One of the main producing areas Rambutan fruit is Subang regency, West Java. At the peak of harvest Rambutan, fruit prices could fall to only 0.4 USD / kg.

This plant starting to produce flowers after 7 years if grown from seed, but at the age of 2 years are able to bloom if propagated vegetatively.

Rambutan fruit will be ready to harvest after 4.5 months to 5 months after flowering, depending on varieties and growing conditions. In Indonesia, the main harvest usually occurs from March to May.

Enjoying  Rambutan:
Color of Rambutan fruit flesh is white, wrapped by the outer with red, yellow or reddish yellow skin, then still wrapped again with white epidermis. Do not worry, it is not difficult to open the skin of the fruit, you can use your hand, or cut him with a knife. Then get to enjoy the sweet taste of fruit Rambutan rich nutrient.

A video uploaded on YouTube shows how to enjoy the fruit Rambutan, click here!