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Sunday, 30 December 2012

Star Fruit

Star fruit or Carambola (Averrhoa carambola) is a local fruit famous in Southeast Asia region, south pacific and eastern parts of Asia. The fruit is generally shaped pentagon, this is could probably the reason why it is called star fruit.

Scientific classification:
  • Kingdom    : Plantae
  • Division     : Magnoliophyta
  • Class          : Magnoliopsida
  • Order          : Oxalidales
  • Family       : Oxalidaceae
  • Genus        : Averrhoa
  • Species      : A. carambola

As per, the tree is also cultivated throughout non-indigenous tropical areas such as in Latin America, the Caribbean, and the southern United States. So far, there is no definitive location that believed as the native of this fruit but two countries suspected most; Indonesia and Sri Lanka.

The fruit is about 5 to 15 cm in length depending of it trees variety and the quality of cultivation. When young, the color of the skin is green and become yellow when ripe. In Indonesia this fruit called belimbing, and believed that can be use as high blood pressure treatment.

The entire fruit is edible, including the slightly waxy skin. The flesh is crunchy, firm, and extremely juicy. It does not contain fibers and has a texture similar in consistency to that of grapes. Carambola is best consumed shortly after they ripen. The skin is thin, such as the cuticle, to enjoy it does not require paring.

This fruit can be eaten directly without any further process, but Carambola can also use as additional material for various dishes. Carambola also good for juicing.

Food Value:
As per USDA Nutrient Database Nutritional, value per 100 g (3.5 oz) of Carambola contains :
Energy = 128 kJ (31 kcal), Carbohydrates = 6.73 g, Sugars 3.98 g, Dietary fiber = 2.8 g, Fat .33 g, Protein = 1.04 g, Pantothenic acid (B5) = .39 mg (8%), Folate (vit. B9) = 12 μg (3%), Vitamin C = 34.4 mg (41%), Phosphorus = 12 mg (2%), Potassium = 133 mg (3%), Zinc = .12 mg (1%)